Scheme Nickname: 
Contests, Complaints, and Temporary Relief

The Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission is an independent adjudicative agency that provides administrative trials and appellate review of legal disputes arising under the Mine Act. The Commission's ALJs decide the cases at the trial level while the five-member review Commission provides appellate review of the ALJs' decisions.

After the ALJ issues his decision, either party may file for review. The Commission can also direct a case for review on its own motion upon the recommendation of two Commissioners. A Judge’s decision that is not accepted for review becomes a final, non-precedential order of the Commission. Appeals from final Commission decisions are made to the United States Courts of Appeals.

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