Scheme Nickname: 
Formal adjudication - enforcement actions

FTC's formal adjudication scheme in which ALJs (or, alternatively, one or more Commission members) serve as presiding officers. Substantive matters heard include: (a) administrative enforcement actions under a variety of federal trade laws within the Commission's jurisdiction; and (b) adjudicative hearings in rulemaking proceedings under the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act for receipt of evidence in certain circumstances. A proceeding commences when Commission affirmatively votes to issue a complaint. FTC-style formal adjudication is very formal, with rules of practice and procedure akin to those in federal district court.

Adjudication Levels: 
LevelName of OfficeAre administrative appeals permitted from final decisions at this stage?
Hearing Level
Yes (All Types of Cases)
Appeal Level 1
Comments/Notes on Adjudication Structure: 
Presiding officer for hearings can be either an ALJ, or one or more Commission members sitting as ALJs.
Types of Adjudication: 
Type A
Verified by Agency: 
Is this a Major Adjudication: